For several decades, ageing has been established as one of the most significant risk factors for heart attacks, typically affecting men 50+ and women 65+. Now, people in their 20s, 30s and 40s are more often falling victim to these cardiovascular attacks.
Knowing what's behind the rise in heart attacks in young adults can help you take steps to protect your health and prevent cardiovascular disease. At Confident Clinic, we specialize in assessing your risk and developing a long-range plan to help you beat the statistics and prevent a heart attack.
Heart attacks were primarily a problem faced by older adults not long ago, and it was rare for anyone younger than 40 to have a heart attack. Now 1 in 5 heart attack patients is younger than 40.
Here's another troubling fact to highlight the problem: Having a heart attack in your 20s or early 30s is more common. Between 2000 and 2016, the heart attack rate increased by 2% every year in this young age group.
Your outlook isn't better following a heart attack just because you're younger. Patients with a heart attack in their 20s or 30s face the same risks as older patients. Once you have that first heart attack, you have the same chance of dying from a second major heart event or a stroke, regardless of age.
If you have diabetes, you're 2-4 times more likely to die from heart disease compared with adults who don't have diabetes. The problem develops when your blood sugar isn't controlled well enough to keep it within a healthy range. High blood sugar damages your blood vessels, which increases the chance of fat building up in your arteries and causing atherosclerosis.
Patients with diabetes are also more likely to have other chronic health diseases that significantly increase the risk of a heart attack, including high blood pressure and high cholesterol.
Hypertension, or high blood pressure, is one of the most significant risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Unfortunately, just like the trend in heart attacks, hypertension is rising faster in young adults than in older adults. High blood pressure makes your heart muscles thicken, harms your blood vessels, and increases your risk of a heart attack.
Being overweight significantly influences your risk of having a heart attack for several reasons. For starters, carrying extra weight places a high demand on your heart. Obesity alone makes you more likely to have a heart attack even if you're otherwise healthy.
However, patients who are overweight and obese often have other health conditions that detract from their heart health, such as high blood pressure, diabetes, and high cholesterol.
Of all the things that contribute to heart attacks in young adults, smoking cigarettes is one of the top risk factors—your risk of a heart attack increases in direct proportion to the number of cigarettes you smoke. Smoking one-pack daily doubles your risk for a heart attack compared with nonsmokers.
While cigarette smoking has a much higher chance of causing a heart attack than vaping, you're still not off the hook if you vape. E-cigarettes contain nicotine and other toxic compounds that accelerate your heart rate and raise your blood pressure. A recent study found that vaping made you 34% more likely to have a heart attack than non-papers.
The experts are still studying the effect of marijuana on your heart, but they know that it boosts your heart rate and raises your risk of having a heart attack. Cocaine's impact on your heart, however, is well established. Cocaine increases your heart rate, tightens your blood vessels, and raises your blood pressure, all of which are associated with heart attacks.
Many heart attacks are preventable because you can change your risk factors by making lifestyle changes and taking medications if needed to protect your health. You can get all the support you need to prevent a heart attack at the Cardio Metabolic Institute.
We have a team of cardiologists, weight management experts, and physical therapists ready to provide holistic health care that addresses all your cardiovascular risk factors regardless of age.
Our mission and goal is to provide quality healthcare to our patients in a warm, caring and professional environment. Call or book an appointment online to get started on the road to a long, healthy life at the best Confident Clinic cardiology treatment in Sarjapur Road, Bangalore.
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